Chapter 2: Processual and systems approaches

There are two broad approaches in archaeology (page 20):
Derived from New Archeology (60's and 70's) a few approaches has spawned (page 21), which all are based around the idea that culture is a systems adaptive process. It is interesting to note that although processual approaches were based on rejection of normative archaeology (so archaeology stream before New Archaeology), the covering law the systemic approaches try to find are in itself still normative (page 31).
A few approaches are:
The above approaches are not able to account for the great richness, variability and specificity of cultural production, and agents and their shared thoughts are passive by-products of the system (page 43).
At the end it is important (not support by the above approaches) to discuss function as part of the ideational environment, because:
It is important to note that systems approaches are inadequate partly because they do not give sufficient weight to non material forces and to particular historical meanings. But we should equally be warned of idealist approaches which give little significance to material forces (page 30).
So a balance is important! Although the processual approaches tent to be materialist in practice, they don't have to be that way (page 43).

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Major content related changes: Feb. 23, 2005